An Introduction to Photography

Photography is not just pushing a button on a camera. It is a very serious art that needs time, patience and work to master. Regardless of the type of camera used a photographer must tweak and keep his thumb on many settings on the camera to get just the right picture. He also has to watch the surroundings, atmosphere, light, wind, background, etc. Also, many people consider retouching a picture part of the photographic process. As an introduction you should be familiar with the processes, what influences the picture and how.

The Camera

There are a load of options a photographer must think of. Focus, aperture, lens type, filters and exposure are some of the basics involved in making a good photo. Focus will affect where you will see sharp, well defined parts in the photo and where you'll get smooth, blurry parts. Aperture means how small or large the hole is that lets light through. A lens with a small aperture lets in less light and gives it a smaller angle. A wide aperture lets in more light and gives it a big angle. Lens type or focal length refers to how far you can zoom in or out of the picture. There are macro lenses and wide angle lenses and assortments in between. Filters are used to add effects to the image "in real time" as it is shot. You can place a special filter in front if the lens and get a sepia or a b/w picture. Exposure means how long the light shines on the film, or chip before the photographing process is finished. Everyone has seen those night-time pictures of traffic where the tail light stretch long following the road. That's an example of long exposure time. Short exposure is needed if you want to photograph something that happens extremely fast, like a bullet going through an apple, and get a blur-free result.

The Environment

The environment must be observed because it is what you photograph and every aspect of it effects the final piece of work. The position of the sun is important so you don't get undesirable glare. If there is a strong wind blowing you may not end up with the result you want, and also may need a tripod. If it's raining you need to make the proper adjustments, all-in-all you need to be weary of the surroundings at all times.


If you need a special special effect, or just took the picture to use as the basis of a science fiction picture, you will need to modify your pictures in an image editor. Photoshop is the most widely known software. You can add correct exposure, colors and place filter in front of the photo after you took it. You can also make it seem like it was painted, tiled, drawn, or draw on it yourself. Photoshop is a powerful tool for the pros and amateurs alike. If you don't have the funds to fork out the small sack of money for photoshop you can try some free software online. There are very good quality products that will help you out in almost all the tasks Photoshop does.

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